In a nut shell
Material Science. You might just flip the words by saying science of materials.
When someone ask you, what is engineering what springs up to your mind? How about a complicated series of parts and gears, or how about the manipulation of energy to attain a sustainable motion of wind turbine? then again you might think of the structure build of a football field? Regardless of what you think of, all these engineering challenges has one common thing and that is that it is composed of materials.
Material Science and Engineering is a disciplinary field that uses physics, science, chemistry and even some of biology and bridging the gap between science and engineering. Material science and engineering is used to understand the structure and elements of a material and how to define or exploit them.
It is a science that is truly used to real world application. It covers many areas such as polymers, ceramics and corrosion and metallurgy.
For example, Metallurgy is the study of metals that are formed by atoms that are arranged in a regular crystallize joined together by metallic bond. This type of bonding is composed of free electrons gives rise to the metal characteristic by plating it we can improve their properties. To give you idea the blacksmiths knew that sword metals can be improved through working it with heat and hammer. Through deeper understanding of this material we can improve the metal by making it lighter, lighter and more reliable. And did you know that industry are continuously improving alloys that are beneficial for their companies to aerospace to sports equipment.
Material Science and engineering is the forefront of many technology companies. Including microchip, nano science and space line. It also has a lot of impact in our daily lives cars, home and technology that we take advantage can be made possible through the study of application of materials.